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A Unified Cognitive/Differential Approach to Intelligence: Implications for Cognitive Assessment
SPED




The question of general intelligence versus specific cognitive abilities is one of the oldest debates in psychology. In this session, we present process overlap theory (POT), which explains correlations among different cognitive tests without proposing a general cognitive ability. Instead, POT focuses on limitations of working memory capacity, determined by processes involved in selective attention, sustained attention, mental flexibility, planning, and the like. Limited processing capacity will affect performance in a number of areas, regardless of domain-specific abilities. According to POT, general intelligence is a summary of different but related abilities rather than the reflection of a single, unitary ability. This approach has consequences for applied cognitive testing. For if the theory of general intelligence is correct then the optimal level of evaluating performance on cognitive ability tests is a global score. In contrast, if POT is correct then the focus should be on specific abilities that can provide a cognitive profile of strengths and weaknesses.The question of general intelligence versus specific cognitive abilities is one of the oldest debates in psychology. In this session, we present process overlap theory (POT), which explains correlations among different cognitive tests without proposing a general cognitive ability. Instead, POT focuses on limitations of working memory capacity, determined by processes involved in selective attention, sustained attention, mental flexibility, planning, and the like. Limited processing capacity will affect performance in a number of areas, regardless of domain-specific abilities. According to POT, general intelligence is a summary of different but related abilities rather than the reflection of a single, unitary ability. This approach has consequences for applied cognitive testing. For if the theory of ge

Audience

Special Education Staff

Important Session Information:


Learning Objectives:

(1) Understand the difference between traditional general ability theories of intelligence and Process Overlap Theory (POT).

(2) Understand the relationship between working memory capacity, executive attention processes, and the general factor of intelligence.

(3) Understand the role of domain-general and domain-specific processes in different cognitive abilities.

Registration ends at 12:00 AM on Monday, September 9, 2024
Session ID:
206680
Credits Available:
(3) CPE
(3) Contact Hours
Seats Available:
87
Fee:
$0.00
Contact Person:
Melissa Mena
Instructor(s):
Melissa Mena
Date Time Location
9/9/2024 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM Rio Grande Summit Room


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